See also

Family of Henry BOLINGBROKE and Mary de BOHUN

Husband: Henry BOLINGBROKE (c. 1366-1413)
Wife: Mary de BOHUN (c. 1368-1394)
Marriage 27 Jul 1380 Arundel Castle

Husband: Henry BOLINGBROKE


Henry BOLINGBROKE, King_Henry_IV

Sex: Male
Father: -
Mother: -
Birth c. 3 Apr 1366
Death 20 Mar 1413 (age 46)

Wife: Mary de BOHUN

Name: Mary de BOHUN
Sex: Female
Father: Humphrey de BOHUN (1342-1373)
Mother: Joan FITZALAN (1347-1419)
Birth c. 1368
Death 4 Jun 1394 (age 25-26) Peterborough Castle

Note on Husband: Henry BOLINGBROKE

King Henry IV


Henry IV (possibly 3 April 1366 – 20 March 1413) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (1399–1413). He was the ninth King of England of the House of Plantagenet and also asserted his grandfather's claim to the title King of France. He was born at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire, hence his other name, Henry (of) Bolingbroke.


His father, John of Gaunt, was the third son of Edward III, and enjoyed a position of considerable influence during much of the reign of Henry's cousin Richard II, whom Henry eventually deposed. Henry's mother was Blanche, heiress to the considerable Lancaster estates, thus he became the first King of England from the Lancaster branch of the Plantagenets, one of the two family branches that were belligerents in the War of the Roses. The other one was the York branch, initiated by his uncle Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York.

Note on Wife: Mary de BOHUN

Mary de Bohun (c. 1368 – 4 June 1394) was the first wife of King Henry IV of England and the mother of King Henry V. Mary was never queen, as she died before her husband came to the throne.


Mary was the daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, and Joan Fitzalan (1347/1348-1419), the daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster. Through her mother, Mary was descended from Llywelyn the Great.


Mary and her elder sister, Eleanor de Bohun, were the heiresses of their father's substantial possessions. Eleanor became the wife of Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, the youngest child of Edward III. In an effort to keep the inheritance for himself and his wife, Thomas of Woodstock pressured the child Mary into becoming a nun. However, Woodstock's older brother John of Gaunt (Mary's future father-in-law) abducted her from the convent to be married to his son—the future Henry IV. This event did not help the relationship between the two brothers.


John of Gaunt had planned for the marriage between Mary and Henry to remain unconsummated until Mary was sixteen but the couple disobeyed. Consequently, Mary became pregnant at fourteen; the firstborn, a son, lived only a few days.


Mary married Henry—then known as Bolingbroke and at the time not in direct line of succession to the throne—on 27 July 1380, at Arundel Castle. At the time of her marriage, Mary was perhaps little more than twelve years old.


It was at Monmouth Castle, one of her father's possessions, that Mary gave birth to her first two children, both boys. Henry, the surviving son, was later to become Prince of Wales when his father seized the throne from Richard II in 1399. On the death of his father in 1413, he became King of England as Henry V.


Her children were:


Edward b&d. April 1382; buried Monmouth Castle, Monmouth

Henry V of England

Thomas, Duke of Clarence

John, Duke of Bedford

Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester

Blanche of England (1392–1409) married in 1402 Louis III, Elector Palatine

Philippa of England (1394–1430) married in 1406 Eric of Pomerania, King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.


Mary de Bohun died at Peterborough Castle, giving birth to her last child, a daughter, Philippa of England. She was buried at the Church of St Mary de Castro in Leicester.